 # The Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

## 22 Jun The Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method Toward the end of its useful life, the vehicle loses a smaller percentage of its value every year. The double-declining balance method multiplies twice the straight-line method percentage by the beginning book value each period. Because the book value decreases each period, the depreciation expense decreases as well. In the final period, the depreciation expense is simply the difference between the salvage value and the book value. It should be used when you need to estimate present value of future cash flows.

The importance of the double-declining method of depreciation can be explained through the following scenarios. Sometimes, when the company is looking to https://www.bookstime.com/ defer the tax liabilities and reduce profitability in the initial years of the asset’s useful life, it is the best option for charging depreciation. In the double-declining balance depreciation method or Double depreciation method, compute the Depreciation percentage first. The depreciation percentage equals 1 divided by the total life span years. Multiply the doubled depreciation percentage times the current cost of the machinery to get the double-declining depreciation for year 1.

## Ddb Depreciation Formula

However, using the double declining depreciation method, your depreciation would be double that of straight line depreciation. To implement the double-declining depreciation formula for an Asset you need to know the asset’s purchase price and its useful life. At the beginning of the first year, the fixture’s book value is \$100,000 since the fixtures have not yet had any depreciation. Therefore, under the Double Declining Balance Method the \$100,000 of book value will be multiplied by 20% and will result in \$20,000 of depreciation for Year 1.

The double declining balance method of depreciation, also known as the 200% declining balance method of depreciation, is a form of accelerated depreciation. This means that compared to the straight-line method, the depreciation expense will be faster in the early years of the asset’s life but slower in the later years. However, the total amount of depreciation expense during the life of the assets will be the same. Depreciation is the act of writing off an asset’s value over multiple tax years, and reporting it on IRS Form 4562. The double declining balance method of depreciation is just one way of doing that. Double declining balance is sometimes also called the accelerated depreciation method. The declining balance method is one of the two accelerated depreciation methods and it uses a depreciation rate that is some multiple of the straight-line method rate.

## What Is The Double Declining Depreciation Method?

It is a contra-account, the difference between the asset’s purchase price and its carrying value on the balance sheet. Depreciation ExpenseDepreciation is a systematic allocation method used to account for the costs of any physical or tangible asset throughout its useful life.

• Depreciation is an accounting method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life to account for declines in value over time.
• Although all the amount is paid for the machine at the time of purchase, however, the expense is charged over a period of time.
• Users of this method start by calculating the amount allowed under straight-line depreciation for year one and then doubling it.
• Double declining balance depreciation is an accelerated depreciation method that expenses depreciation at double the normal rate.
• When you choose to use the double declining method, the rate of depreciation has to be maintained for the asset’s life.

However, compared to a straight-line method of depreciation, the asset is expensed higher in the early years of its useful life, while the depreciation expense is lower in later years. The best reason to use double declining balance depreciation is when you purchase assets that depreciate faster in the early years. A vehicle is a perfect example of an asset that loses value quickly in the first years of ownership. When you choose to use the double declining method, the rate of depreciation has to be maintained for the asset’s life. The rate is set after the first depreciation period, and is applied to the declining book value each period that follows.

## How To Avoid Tax Penalties

The double declining balance depreciation method is one of the methods of accounting for depreciation. In the double-declining method, depreciation expenses are larger in the early years of an asset’s life and smaller in the latter portion of the asset’s life. Companies prefer a double-declining method for assets that are expected to be obsolete more quickly. Though the depreciation expense will be charged at the accelerated rate, total depreciation throughout the life of the asset would remain the same.

Accelerated depreciation is more in the earlier years than in the later years. Depreciation occurs when assets lose value over time until the value goes to zero. Some types of assets that depreciate are office equipment, computers, machinery, buildings, etc. This method depreciates assets at twice the rate of the straight-line method. Users of this method start by calculating the amount allowed under straight-line depreciation for year one and then doubling it. The next year, they calculate remaining depreciable balance, divide by remaining years and multiply by two. They do this each year until the final year of the asset’s useful life, where they depreciate any remainder over the asset’s salvage value.

## Formula For Double Declining Balance Method

Depreciation is the process by which a particular asset’s value is written off over a period of years. You can use several methods to calculate the annual depreciation value of a specific asset. Double-declining depreciation, or accelerated depreciation, is a depreciation method whereby more of an asset’s cost is depreciated (written-off) in the early years. This method, like other accelerated depreciation methods, counts depreciation expenses faster. In basic terms, this means that the depreciation schedule sees larger losses in a shorter period of time. When comparing an early accounting period to a later one, the double declining method has higher expenses earlier in the asset’s life. The double declining balance depreciation method, also known as the reducing balance method, is one of two common methods a business uses to account for the expense of a long-lived asset. Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. Declining balance method is considered an accelerated depreciation method because it depreciates assets at higher rates in the beginning years and lower rates in the later years.

## Is There A Downside To Using Ddb Depreciation?

If you compare double declining balance to straight-line depreciation, the double-declining balance method allows you a larger depreciation expense in the earlier years. Take the example above, using the double-declining balance method calculates \$10,000 and \$6,000 in depreciation expense in years one and two. This is greater than the \$4,600 in depreciation expense annually under straight-line depreciation. One significant benefit of this method is that any type of cash flow can be made at any point during the life span of an asset without changing the calculation. Another benefit is that this method may not be as sensitive to errors in using depreciation methods like the sum-of-years digits method. The following calculator is for depreciation calculation in accounting. It takes the straight line, declining balance, or sum of the year’ digits method.

• The statements and opinions are the expression of the author, not LegalZoom, and have not been evaluated by LegalZoom for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.
• You will have to learn about the intricacies and functioning of these key divisions that will drive your company’s growth.
• It is often used to determine the value of a business or property that will be sold at some point.
• Take the \$100,000 asset acquisition value and subtract the \$10,000 estimated salvage value.
• When you purchase these assets, you’ll have to choose your method of depreciation.
• For the second year, the depreciation is the cost of the machinery (\$10,000) minus the depreciation the first year (\$4,000) results in \$6,000.
• The depreciation, if calculated using the straight-line method, would amount to \$3,600 per year.

When double declining balance method does not fully depreciate an asset by the end of its life, variable declining balance method might be used instead. Depreciation is an accounting process by which a company allocates an asset’s cost throughout itsuseful life. In other words, it records how the value of an asset declines over time. Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time.

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## How To Calculate The Double Declining Balance Depreciation

DDB is ideal for assets that very rapidly lose their values or quickly become obsolete. This may be true with certain computer equipment, mobile devices, and other high-tech items, which are generally useful earlier on but become less so as newer models are brought to market. This process continues until the final year when a special adjustment must be made to complete the depreciation and bring the asset to salvage value. Charlene Rhinehart is an expert in accounting, banking, investing, real estate, and personal finance.